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Synergy means the interaction of multiple elements in a system to produce an effect different from or greater than the sum of their individual effects.Synergy can be found in almost all practical areas.

In management positive synergy means positive effects such as improved efficiency in operations, greater exploitation of opportunities, and improved utilization of resources.

Synergia tarkoittaa systeemin osien yhteisvaikutusta niin, että tulos on suurempi kuin osien summa.

High level summary of the blog:

Crunchy numbers

Featured imageA Boeing 747-400 passenger jet can hold 416 passengers. This blog was viewed about 4,800 times in 2010. That’s about 12 full 747s.

In 2010, there were 29 new posts, growing the total archive of this blog to 125 posts. There were 17 pictures uploaded, taking up a total of 968kb. That’s about a picture per month.

The busiest day of the year was March 21st with 565 views. The most popular post that day was About.

Where did they come from?

The top referring sites in 2010 were,,,, and

Some visitors came searching, mostly for hermeneutic circle, engineering symbol, symbolic analysis, computer science theories, and knowledge representation.

Attractions in 2010

These are the posts and pages that got the most views in 2010.


About August 2009


The Symbolic Language and Model and Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorems November 2009


Maximum Expressive Power with Minimal Construction December 2009
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Core Theories of Computer Science vs Symbol-Driven Engineering February 2010

Knowledge Representation vs. Symbolic Knowledge Capture for Software June 2010

Man and His Symbols is a famous book edited by Carl Jung. He was one of the great doctors of all time and one of the great thinkers of that century. His object always was to help men and women to know themselves, so that by self-knowledge and thoughtful self-use they could lead full, rich, and happy lives.

In his book there are following parts:

  • Part 1. Approaching The Unconscious

  • Part 2 Ancient Myths and Modern Man Joseph L. Henderson The Eternal Symbols

  • Part 3  The Process of Individuation M.-L von Franz  The Pattern of Psychic Growth

  • Part 4 Symbolism in the Visual Arts Aniela Jaffe

  • Part 5 Symbolis in Individual Analysis Jolande Jacobi

The book is a great work describing symbols and symbolism which cannot be completely explained. It is psychology.

Dreams and feeling and our attitude towards different kinds of icons like Coca Cola, Nokia, Bible or sudden dead are strongly personal. Many features of our behavior depend on our temper or our personal characteristic inherited in our birth day.

Symbolism and symbolic analysis

Symbolic analysis, presented in this blog, is the opposite of Jung’s work. In it symbols are imagined to be either formal or known. If some symbol is not known and not formal, it can be skipped if it is not relevant. If it is relevant and not known, there should be a learning process in order to make it familiar to the user. We cannot do a systematic learning process for dreams and for other typical phenomenon described in Jung’s book. However, the book is nice to be read with its great figures and photos. And it describes the real unfamiliar life of everybody.

There are two kinds of symbols: the one of Psychology and the one for formal notations like Computer science.


Erkki Laitila, PhD (2008) computer engineer (1977)